Status of HIV / AIDS epidemic in Turkey

  • Tuğrul Erbaydar, [MD, PhD] Ankara University Faculty of Medicine Department of Public Health
  • Nüket Paksoy Erbaydar, [MD, MSc] Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Public Health
Keywords: HIV / AIDS, Turkey, Communicable disease surveillance

Abstract

Objective: This review is carried out to evaluate the changes in the epidemio- logical characteristics of HIV / AIDS epidemic in Turkey since 1985.

Materials and methods: The review draws on the cumulative data of reported HIV AIDS cases issued by Ministry of Health periodically. The figures in spe- cific time periods (1985-1996, 1997-2001, 2002-2006, 2007-2011) were extract- ed to examine the changes in distribution of age, sex and possible transmis- sion ways.

Results: At the end of 2011, the total number of HIV / AIDS cases in Turkey was 5224. There is an upward trend in incidence in the last decade and the highest number of new cases was reported in 2011 (n=699). Heterosexual relationship was the most common way of transmission and the majority of cases were male in all periods. Transmission through IV drug use and blood transfusion has de- creased proportionally by the time. The highest numbers of cases were report- ed in 20-29 and 30-39 age groups and the number of cases in 40 and over age groups had been increasing.

Conclusion: The increasing number of incidences indicates the need for pri- oritizing HIV control activities, particularly promotion of safer sex practices. Surveillance system should be improved so as to evaluate the performance of control efforts.

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Published
2012-09-06
How to Cite
Erbaydar, T., & Erbaydar, N. (2012). Status of HIV / AIDS epidemic in Turkey. Acta Medica, 43(1), 19-24. Retrieved from https://actamedica.org/index.php/actamedica/article/view/169
Section
Review