Status of HIV / AIDS epidemic in Turkey
Objective: This review is carried out to evaluate the changes in the epidemio- logical characteristics of HIV / AIDS epidemic in Turkey since 1985.
Materials and methods: The review draws on the cumulative data of reported HIV AIDS cases issued by Ministry of Health periodically. The figures in spe- cific time periods (1985-1996, 1997-2001, 2002-2006, 2007-2011) were extract- ed to examine the changes in distribution of age, sex and possible transmis- sion ways.
Results: At the end of 2011, the total number of HIV / AIDS cases in Turkey was 5224. There is an upward trend in incidence in the last decade and the highest number of new cases was reported in 2011 (n=699). Heterosexual relationship was the most common way of transmission and the majority of cases were male in all periods. Transmission through IV drug use and blood transfusion has de- creased proportionally by the time. The highest numbers of cases were report- ed in 20-29 and 30-39 age groups and the number of cases in 40 and over age groups had been increasing.
Conclusion: The increasing number of incidences indicates the need for pri- oritizing HIV control activities, particularly promotion of safer sex practices. Surveillance system should be improved so as to evaluate the performance of control efforts.