Better Outcomes With Minimally Invasive Thyroidectomy Than Conventional Thyroidectomy

  • Nilda Sütay Süslü
  • Cagri Kulekci Dr
  • Selcuk Dagdelen
  • Nafiye Yildiz
  • Tomris Erbas

Abstract

Introduction

Aim of this study was to evaluate our results from conventional and minimally invasive thyroidectomy and compare their outcomes.

Materials and Methods

137 patients undergone conventional and minimally invasive thyroidectomy (video-assisted and open technique with mini-cervicotomy) were reviewed. Demographic data, blood loss, operative time, postoperative pain, cosmetic outcome and complications were examined and compared.

Results

Minimally invasive group consists of 53 cases(39%) and conventional group is composed of 84 cases(61%). No conversion from minimally invasive to conventional techniques was observed. In minimally invasive group, 25 patients(47%) had differantiated thyroid carcinoma and 28 patients(53%) had benign pathologies. Postoperative complications include transient hypocalcemia in 5 patients(3.6%) (4 in conventional, 1 in minimally invasive group), permanent hypocalcemia in 4 patients(3%) (3 in conventional, 1 in minimally invasive group), unilateral vocal cord paralysis in 2 patients(2%) (1 in conventional, 1 in minimally invasive group). Operative time was similar in both groups; however blood loss during surgery, postoperative pain was significantly lower in minimally invasive group.

Conclusion

Minimally invasive techniques could be implemented on selected carcinoma patients and results in equal safety and less surgical morbidity.

Keywords: minimally invasive thyroidectomy, thyroid cancer, MIVAT

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Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Süslü, N., Kulekci, C., Dagdelen, S., Yildiz, N., & Erbas, T. (2019). Better Outcomes With Minimally Invasive Thyroidectomy Than Conventional Thyroidectomy. Acta Medica, 50(4), 8-13. https://doi.org/10.32552/2019.ActaMedica.396
Section
Original Article