Occupational diseases are a group of illnesses that every physician will see in daily practice. A substantial part of the population is working thus the fact that their occupation plays a significant role in their illnesses or maintaining the healthy state should never be underestimated. However, there is a misperception as if occupational diseases are just a few syndromes or a couple of chronical illnesses, back from the medical school. Whereas occupational diseases can be the cause of almost every signs and symptoms from hematologic system to musculoskeletal system or skin to central nervous system. Therefore, every physician whoever wants to diagnose his/her patient accurately must endeavor to recognize occupational diseases or at least be suspicious. Even though occupational diseases are a part of a clinical picture they are also a community health problem. This is true because the working population make an important part in the entire population. At the same time, they are more susceptible to some certain risks than normal population. Yet these health problems are preventable there could be excellent examples of primary prevention. Another feature of occupational diseases is the opportunity of discovering new diseases and syndromes. This is an undeveloped area for descriptive, analytic and experimental studies. Also, the compensation laws, legal problems are becoming a current issue and physicians are frequently asked to deliver an opinion about disability and incapacity. Misdiagnosis or delays in diagnosis of an occupational illness may put the physician in a troublesome situation.
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