Depression, anxiety, personality traits, and gender differences in patients with primary restless leg syndrome

Original Article

Personality traits in patients with restless leg syndrome

  • Tuba Tülay KOCA Physical medicine and rehabilitation, sütçü i̇mam university, school of medicine
  • Neslihan SİVEREKLİ Malatya Research and Training Hospital, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic

Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to investigate some personal traits accompanying primary restless leg syndrome (RLS).

Method

The study included 75 patients with RLS who visited Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation outpatient clinic in Malatya Research and Training Hospital, between February and June in 2016. The diagnostic criteria for RLS were determined according to the 2003 minor criteria of the International RLS Working Group. The depression and anxiety levels of the patients were evaluated using Beck depression and Beck anxiety scales. Hacettepe Personality Inventory(HPI) (Team A) was used to detect personality traits.

Results

The gender-based results indicated statistically significant differences in some subtypes such as neurotic symptoms, psychotic symptoms, personal adaptation, and general adaptation. Higher neurotic and psychotic symptoms (with less scores), lower personal adaptation score, and higher general adaptation score were observed in females relative to males. However, males were younger than females.

The patient group was very similar to the general population in terms of self-fulfillment, family relation, social relation, social norm, antisocial personality features, social adaptation, and general adaptation sub-parameters, but emotional stability, neurotic and psychotic symptoms, and personal adaptation sub-parameters were different and stayed under the 25% percentile.

In multiple regression analysis, evaluation of personality sub-features with Beck anxiety scale results detected significant correlations between emotional stability, social norms, and personal self-reliance. Evaluation of personality sub-features of the patients according to Beck depression scale results also revealed a statistically significant correlation between psychotic symptoms.

Conclusion

Patients with RLS showed gender-based differences in neurotic, psychotic, emotional stability, and personal adaptation parameters compared with the general population.

 

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Published
Oct 3, 2017
How to Cite
KOCA, Tuba Tülay; SİVEREKLİ, Neslihan. Depression, anxiety, personality traits, and gender differences in patients with primary restless leg syndrome. Acta Medica, [S.l.], v. 48, n. 3, p. 18-21, oct. 2017. ISSN 2147-9488. Available at: <https://actamedica.org/index.php/actamedica/article/view/87>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2017.
Section
Original Article